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Henry Norman Bethune

Henry Norman Bethune (Picture 1)


Henry Norman Bethune (March 3, 1890-November 12, 1939), a member of the Canadian Communist Party, an internationalist fighter, and a famous thoracic surgeon. Born in Gravenhurst, Ontario, Canada in 1890, he joined the Communist Party of Canada in 1935, came to China to participate in the Anti-Japanese Revolution in 1938, and died of illness in 1939. During his one and a half years working in China, he worked hard for the Chinese Anti-Japanese Revolution. Mao Zedong called him a noble person, a pure person, a moral person, a person who has broken away from low-level tastes, and a person who is beneficial to others.

On March 3, 1890, Henry Norman Bethune was born into a priest's family in Gravenhurst, a small town in northern Ontario, Canada. Bethune was brave and adventurous since childhood. When he was 6 years old, Bethune went to Toronto, far away from town, to play alone. He got lost while walking, but he didn't cry. When the police sent him home and his mother criticized him, he said, "I want to taste the adventure." Once, he took his brother to climb a mountain and found a beautiful butterfly. He chased and chased him all the time. After catching up to the top of the mountain, he caught him, and scared his younger brother who was waiting at the bottom of the mountain into tears. When he was 8 years old, Bethune caught a sparrow, and when he caught it, he dissected it and learned from his grandfather as a surgeon. He is still a good swimmer, and he wanted to swim across Zizia Bay when he was 10 years old.

In 1916, Henry Norman Bethune graduated from the University of Toronto School of Medicine with a bachelor's degree. In 1922, he was admitted as a member of the Royal Society of Surgeons. In 1923, Bethune passed a very strict examination and became a clinical postgraduate of the Royal College of Surgeons. In 1924, Bethune was suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis, but he still struggled stubbornly, invented the "artificial pneumothorax therapy", and successfully experimented on his own body. His original thoracic surgery is well-known in the medical field.

In early 1928, Bethune returned to Montreal, Canada after tuberculosis, and became the first assistant of Dr. Edward Archibald, a pioneer of Canadian thoracic surgery at McGill University Royal Victoria Hospital. During the period, he invented and improved 12 medical surgical instruments. , Also published 14 influential academic papers. In the summer of 1931, Bethune signed a patent license agreement with the Philadelphia Pilin & Sons Company. The latter was responsible for the full manufacture and sale of surgical instruments invented by Bethune and named after "Bethune Instruments"-there are 22 types of such instruments. , These devices were in a leading position at the time. In 1933, he was hired as a consultant for Canadian federal and local government health departments. In 1935, he was elected as a member and director of the American Society of Thoracic Surgery.

In November 1935, Bethune joined the Communist Party of Canada. From 1936 to 1937, Bethune went to Spain to join the Spanish Civil War as a volunteer supporting international anti-fascism. During this period, he founded a mobile emergency system for the wounded, which became the prototype of a mobile military surgical hospital that will be widely adopted in the future. In order to rescue the wounded with excessive blood loss, he invented the world's first method of transporting blood, which has extremely important medical significance.

In 1937, China's Anti-Japanese War broke out. In December 1937, Bethune went to New York to register with the International Aid China Committee, and voluntarily requested the formation of a medical team to work with the guerrillas in northern China. On January 2, 1938, Bethune took medicine and equipment sufficient to equip several medical teams from Vancouver to Hong Kong by sea. On March 31, 1938, he led a medical team composed of Canadians and Americans to Yan'an, China. Mao Zedong cordially received Bethune and his party. In August 1938, he served as the health consultant of the Eighth Route Army Jinchaji Military Region. From November 1938 to February 1939, he led a medical team to the front lines of Yanbei and Jizhong in Shanxi for field treatment. In 4 months, he traveled 750 kilometers, performed more than 300 operations, and established 13 operating rooms and dressing houses. , Treating a large number of wounded. At the beginning of July 1938, he returned to the Jixi Mountains to participate in the organization and leadership of the military health agency. Established a health school, trained a large number of medical cadres; compiled a variety of battlefield medical textbooks.

In late October 1939, Bethune's left middle finger was cut and infected with a scalpel while rescuing the wounded during the battle in Motianling, Laiyuan County, Hebei. In the early morning of November 12, 1939, Bethune was converted to sepsis due to a bacterial infection during the operation, and died in Huangshikou Village, Tang County, Hebei Province. Mao Zedong wrote in the second volume of "Selected Works of Mao Zedong": A foreigner, with no self-interested motives, regards the liberation of the Chinese as his own cause. This is the spirit of internationalism and the spirit of communism. Comrade Bethune has no self-interested, special-interested spirit, showing his extreme responsibility for his work and extreme enthusiasm for comrades and the people. Comrade Bethune is a doctor. He takes medicine as his profession and strives for perfection in technology; in the entire Eighth Route Army medical system, his medical skills are very good.

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